— The Buckeye is a dual-purpose breed of chicken with a deep, lustrous red color of plumage. They have yellow legs and skin and pea combs. Buckeyes were developed by Mrs. Nettie Metcalf of Warren, Ohio, and are unique in the American Class of chickens in that it is the only breed created entirely by a woman. In the 1890s Mrs. Metcalf started by breeding a Buff Cochin male to Barred Plymouth Rock females. This produced what she considered a large, lazy fowl. The next year she purchased a Black-Breasted Red Game male and crossed this male over the half cochin pullets. This cross produced several red offspring and from there she developed the breed. The Buckeye is on the Livestock Conservancy’s Endangered Watch List.
American Buckeye Poultry Club
Lon I (Vietnamese Pot-bellied hog) — Listed as endangered by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN and the National Institute of Animal Husbandry of Vietnam, the I is a traditional Vietnamese pork breed originating in the Red River Delta and surrounding region. It is uniformly black, with heavily wrinkled skin. The sagging belly, which in pregnant sows may drag on the ground, is where the I got the English name “Pot-bellied.” Unlike many hog breeds, the I has a pronounced sway back. The head is small, with an up-turned snout, small ears and eyes, and heavy sagging jowls. The I is robust, has good resistance to disease and parasites, and has functioning declaws. Two principal types are recognized within the breed: the I-mo (“Fatty I” )is the typical small short-legged pig, with small upward-pointing ears and a short snout; the I-pha (“Large I”) has longer legs and a longer snout, with bigger ears held horizontally. The I was introduced into the United States in the 1980s and largely marketed as a pet until “pet-pig” fads ended, causing their population to drop dramatically from over 600,000 in 1990 to less than 200 by 2010. I hogs are sometimes found on small homesteads and occasionally still seen as a pet. They are slower growing and yield a considerably smaller carcass than other breeds, but have good flavor.